Knight’s Pond Preserve

Owned and managed primarily by the towns of Cumberland and North Yarmouth with conservation and management support from two land trusts, the 334-acre Knight’s Pond Preserve is popular for ice skating, bird watching, fishing, dog walking, mountain biking, trail running, snowmobiling, hunting, and more. Located less than a mile from the town centers of both Cumberland and North Yarmouth, the preserve includes most of the shoreline of a 46-acre pond, a large block of forestland, a network of 6.5 miles of trails, and critical wildlife habitat.

The summits of Bruce Hill (447 feet elevation) and Blueberry Hill (451 feet elevation) along with a high point on the power line (Bobcat Mountain, 350 feet) provide limited views to the smoke stacks of Cousins Island, shimmers of Casco Bay, and glimpses of Mount Washington (from Blueberry Hill in the winter). These three summits are part of the RRCT 400 Footer Club.

Scroll below for information on planned expansions of the preserve.  

This stunning You Tube video includes an orchestral and aerial interpretation of the preserve. Clifford Cameron is the composer and videographer. Mixing by Nicholas Thompson Brown

To report an issue at this preserve, the best starting point is to contact the Town of Cumberland

More Information


Trails, Trailheads and Accessibility

The trail networks at Knight’s Pond Preserve allow visitors to visit the pond or follow trails into the woods through oak-hickory forests and alongside vernal pools. Trails crossing Blueberry Hill and Bruce Hill provide for some nice elevation changes. A network of color-blazed trails (white, blue, red, and yellow) as well as a snowmobile trail across the property allow visitors to explore this 334-acre preserve. A few other short spur trails provide trail connections and scenic views.

The snowmobile trail on the power line is not improved for summer use; expect long stretches of muddy ruts if you attempt to circumnavigate the pond. An unimproved trail crossing private land circumnavigating the pond also includes unimproved wet areas.

The total length of the trail network at Knight’s Pond exceeds 6.5 miles and is growing. Some trail distances, to/from the main parking area:

  • White to red cut-off, return on Greely Rd Ext: 1.7 miles
  • White loop, return on Greely Rd Ext: 2.0 miles
  • White to blue loop to white, return on Greely Rd Ext: 2.9 miles

There are two parking areas and trail heads, both at or near the end of Greely Road Extension in Cumberland Center:

  • The GPS address for the primary entrance point (parking, portable rest room) is 477 Greely Road Extension, Cumberland Center, ME. The secondary entrance is at the very very end of Greely Road Extension.
  • From Cumberland Center follow Route 9 North for 1 mile. Turn left onto Greely Road Extension and continue for 1.3 miles. The two preserve entrances are at or near the end of the road.
  • From North Yarmouth Town Center follow Route 9 South for 1.6 miles. Turn right onto Greely Road Extension and continue for 1.3 miles. The preserve entrances are at or near the end of the road.

The trail head at 477 Greely Road Extension includes a large gravel parking area and a portable toilet (no wheelchair access). The trail between the parking area and the pond is an old gravel road ideal for baby carriages and gentle strolls—wide and flat with occasional small ruts. Most other trails on the preserve are primitive, with rocks and roots.

This blog describes the accessibility of the preserve from a wheelchair perspective.

Bird Watching

Beginning in early spring you can see Ring-necked Ducks, Mallards and Canada Geese on the shores of Knight’s Pond.  There are also Yellow-rumped and Palm Warblers starting at the end of April and the beginning of May.  This bird rich habitat is a joy to visit. For more information visit: The Best Birding in the Royal River watershed.

Knight’s Pond is also considered an eBird “hotspot” with 80 species identified. For more information, visit eBird’s website.

Nature Walks, Rare Natural Areas, Vernal Pools & Ecology

The preserve has a rich variety of habitat, including a rare Oak – Shagbark Hickory Forest, and many significant Vernal Pools which provide breeding habitat for salamanders, frogs, and more.  While Oak – Shagbark Hickory Forests are common on the eastern seaboard to our south, Knight’s Pond Preserve hosts one of the northernmost examples of this type of forest with blueberry undergrowth, scarlet tanagers, habitat for flying squirrels at bats (under the shagbark) and other delightful features.

This Winter Walk document authored by naturalist and neighbor Karen Herold interprets the wildlife, tracks, and ecology you can expect on the Preserve. Print it out and take it with you!

This map shows the location of the Oak-Hickory Forest.

This seven-page document from the Maine Natural Areas Program describes the ecology of the Oak-Hickory Forest, the vernal pools, and other wetlands on the Preserve.

Rules and Regulations and Hunting

  • The preserve is owned by three different entities; please respect any and all posted rules of the Town of Cumberland, Town of North Yarmouth, or FAA. Royal River Conservation Trust and Chebeague and Cumberland Land Trust also have some various jurisdiction and authority, especially recreation management responsibilities on the FAA parcel.
  • The Town of Cumberland’s preserve website includes some regulatory content
  • An increasing number of events and trail races on the preserve make us strongly ask that event planners contact land managers for permissions and awareness of issues. Use of full-loop trails for events can require permissions of multiple land managers.
  • The preserve is open for hiking, mountain biking, and equestrian uses. Snowshoeing and back-country skiing are permitted;  trails are not groomed in the winter and there is competing foot or bike traffic even in the winter.
  • Dogs are welcome, but on leash or voice control with strict attention to pet waste removal.
  • Safe and responsible hunting on the preserve is encouraged. We promote safe hunting experiences and protect deer by educating users of the hiking trail and their dogs to be respectful of hunters and deer during all seasons, including winter deer yard season.  Hikers should always wear orange during all hunting seasons, on all hikes. Bird hunting — including waterfowl and more — is allowed; waterfowl hunters should please find sections of the pond away from trails as a courtesy.  Please contact preserve landowners or land trusts to determine precise land ownership and required notices if you plan (perhaps not allowed) trapping or deer stands on any section of the preserve.
  • Please be respectful of all abutting private lands.
  • Contact RRCT, CCLT, The Town of Cumberland, or the Town of North Yarmouth with questions about the evolving plans and activities at the preserve. RRCT and CCLT manage recreational issues for the FAA.

RRCT & You: Updates, Alerts, & Cautions

RRCT & You: RRCT is responsible for the trails on FAA land. RRCT helps where possible — with others — maintaining trails on the entire block of Knight’s Pond conservation ownership. RRCT relies heavily on volunteers and help from trail users like you. You may know more recent information about trail and preserve conditions than we do. We invite you to be a thoughtful steward by acting as a respectful visitor, adhering to posted rules, and following Leave No Trace practices. RRCT’s small staff and volunteer Trail Crew is able to inspect and maintain RRCT preserves infrequently; we ask you to report to us any issues you observe that you cannot address yourself, and especially to update us on any safety or public safety issues. Please help us on your visits with litter, pet waste, and minor trail issues. We also invite any information on needed or suggested updates to this webpage. Reach out in any way, most simply with an email to

Conservation History and Stewardship

The “Planned Expansions” tab below provides additional information on conservation context and conservation history.

The preserve was opened to the public on October 22, 2015 after a campaign and conservation acquisition of 215 acres. Located less than a mile from each of two town centers, the preserve includes much of the  shore of a 46-acre pond, a large block of forestland, a network of trails, and critical wildlife habitat. In the Spring of 2016, the Town of Cumberland acquired one small adjacent woodlot, expanding the preserve. An adjacent 76-acre federal parcel (FAA) with conservation easements recorded in 1995 expand the conserved landscape. In 2018, the Town of Cumberland and the Royal River Conservation Trust each acquired parcels on the eastern shore of the pond, setting the stage for even more expansions. RRCT’s 2018 parcel was transferred in 2022 to the Town of North Yarmouth and is known as “Baston Forest,” with a plaque honoring the long-time ownership of the parcel by the Baston family.

In 2022, a 13-acre subdivision open space parcel was transferred to the Town of North Yarmouth allowing trail connections to North Yarmouth village center.

For more information see the “planned expansions” section below on this webpage. 

Most of the preserve is owned by the towns of North Yarmouth and Cumberland, and protected by conservation easements held by the Royal River Conservation Trust and the Chebeague and Cumberland Land Trust.  FAA ownership is mapped and managed as if part of the Preserve. The Towns of North Yarmouth and Cumberland have adopted a management plan that guides the future of the Preserve. Many future decisions under the management plan will be overseen by the two-town Joint Standing Committee.

Some of the work of this committee has been expressly adopted by the Joint Standing Committee (November 2021) as important guidance at Knight’s Pond Preserve, especially forestry standards and trail standards.

Funding for the initial $1.13M conservation acquisition project completed in 2015 came from hundreds of local private donors and members of the Royal River Conservation Trust and the Chebeague & Cumberland Land Trust, the property taxpayers of Cumberland and North Yarmouth, the Land for Maine’s Future program, USFWS NAWCA, private foundations, and more. Remarkable project support was provided by The Trust for Public Land.

Planned Expansions and Conservation Context

The Towns of Cumberland and North Yarmouth, along with the Royal River Conservation Trust and the Chebeague & Cumberland Land Trust, are considering or proposing multiple expansions of the preserve.  One of several proposed or planned transactions are described below. Additional planned expansions in both towns involve quiet dialog with landowners.

Knight’s Pond June 2024 Expansion (Town Meeting) map. The warrant for the June 17, 2024, North Yarmouth Town Meeting includes a proposed town acquisition of a six-acre parcel of land with pond frontage, allowing the town to complete the trail loop around the pond.

Regional planning context map (The Mosaic): This 2024 map (link to left) shows that RRCT is working with other land trusts and towns on conservation and recreation projects that might one day inform plans for Knight’s Pond.

Loss of unfragmented habitat (shrinking forests), 1996 to 2022: This article in the Press Herald from July 2022 describes and maps the forests at Knight’s Pond in the context of greater Portland work to conserve remaining large landscapes. This 1996 map shows the size of the unfragmented habitat in the neighborhood in 1996. This 2022 map shows the loss of habitat along with the gain of conservation land. More information on RRCT’s focus on large landscapes and habitat is included in RRCT’s 2022 Conservation Plan.